Matinum

Taking Charge of Your Health


Maybe you’ve heard the term “bipolar”
used to describe someone who’s moody, or who has mood swings, but this colloquial use
of the term is really different from bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder, which used to be called
manic depression, is a serious mental illness that causes a person to have dramatic shifts
in emotions, mood, and energy levels: moving from extreme lows to extreme highs. But these shifts don’t happen moment to
moment, they usually happen over several days or weeks. There are a few different types of bipolar
disorders, but there are some common features. First, the low moods are identical to those
in a related disorder – major depressive disorder, also known as unipolar depression. Individuals with this can feel hopeless and
discouraged, lack energy and mental focus, and can have physical symptoms like eating
and sleeping too much or too little. But along with these lows, the thing that
sets bipolar disorders apart from unipolar depression is that individuals can have periods
of high moods, which are called manic episodes or hypomanic episodes, depending on their
level of severity. In a manic state, people can feel energetic,
overly happy or optimistic, even euphoric with really high self-esteem. And on the surface, these might seem like
very positive characteristics, but when an individual is in a full manic episode, these
symptoms can reach a dangerous extreme. A person experiencing mania might invest all
of their money in a risky business venture or behave recklessly. Individuals might talk pressured speech, where
they talk constantly at a rapid-fire pace, or they might have racing thoughts and might
feel ‘wired,’ as if they don’t need sleep. Manic episodes can also include delusions
of grandeur, for example they might believe that they are on a personal mission from god,
or that they have supernatural power. And they might make poor decisions without
any regard for later consequences. One way to understand these swings is by charting
them on a graph. So let’s say y-axis is mood, with mania
and depression being on the far ends of the axis, and the x-axis is time. The average healthy individual might have
normal ups and downs throughout their life, and they might even have some pretty serious
lows once-in-awhile, maybe after losing a job or moving to a new place and feeling lonely. An individual with unipolar depression though,
might have the normal highs, but they might have some crushing lows that last for a long
period of time and may not have an obvious trigger. Now, for the bipolar disorders, the first
one is called Bipolar 1, and these are people that have some major lows that last at least
2 weeks, and some major highs that last at least a week or require hospitalization. That said, untreated manic episodes can last
as long as 3-6 months. Depression is seen in most cases, but is not
required for a diagnosis. The second one is called Bipolar-2, and this
is when a person experiences similar lows, and has additional highs called “hypomania”,
which are less severe manic episodes than we see in Bipolar 1. To qualify for a diagnosis, these hypomanic
states need to last at least four days. Once again though, these symptoms generally
last a few weeks to a few months. Alright the third one is called cyclothymia,
or sometimes cyclothymic disorder, and these individuals have milder lows as well as the
milder highs or “hypomania” like you see in Bipolar-2, and they cycle back and forth
between these two over a period lasting at least 2 years. Sometimes, people with Bipolar disorder can
show other, less common symptoms as well, for example having what are referred to as
mixed episodes—experiencing symptoms of both depression and mania at the same time. Another symptom they might have is rapid cycling,
which describes a situation where a person has 4 or more episodes of depression or mania
within a given year. Like most mental health conditions, the exact
underlying cause of bipolar disorder isn’t known, and there is no single “bipolar gene”
identified, but it’s thought that there are genetic and environmental factors that
play a part. For example, one interesting clue is that
people with family members who have bipolar disorder are 10 times more likely to have
it themselves. Another clue is that some drugs and medications
can trigger manic episodes, like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (or SSRIs). It’s also worth mentioning that people with
bipolar disorder often have other disorders like anxiety disorders, substance use disorders,
ADHD, and personality disorders as well, making diagnosis and treatment a real challenge. Even though there’s no cure for bipolar
disorder, identifying and treating individuals is really important, since there’s a real
danger that the person could harm themselves or commit suicide. One of the oldest treatments is also one of
the most effective treatments, and that’s lithium salts. Lithium acts as a mood stabilizer—smoothing
out the highs and lows they experience. That said, it is much better at treating manic
rather than depressive episodes, and so individuals who take it often have to take other medications
as well, which can be problematic since some antidepressants (like the SSRIs) can trigger
manic episodes in individuals who are predisposed to them. Other treatment options include antipsychotics,
anticonvulsants, and benzodiazepines, but many of these—including lithium—have side
effects that can be severe and lead to non-adherence which can be dangerous for an individual. Now, unlike certain disorders like unipolar
depression, psychological interventions, like talk therapy, or cognitive-behavioral therapy
are not particularly effective in treating the manic episodes of bipolar disorder. Having said that, they can still be very helpful
tools to help individuals with bipolar disorder in general—especially after a manic episode
has ended. They can also help an individual handle stressful
situations that might otherwise lead a manic episode, thereby helping to prevent a potential
manic episode in the first place. Alright, so super fast recap: bipolar disorder
is a mental disorder characterized by depression, periods of lowered mood, as well as mania,
periods of heightened mood. Thanks for watching, you can help support
us by donating on patreon, or subscribing to our channel, or telling your friends about
us on social media.

100 thoughts on “Bipolar disorder (depression & mania) – causes, symptoms, treatment & pathology

  1. Im confused with my neighbor's condition. Her aunt said that she has bipolar disorder but her mood only shifts from normal to very very very angry ( talks a lot with swearing and walking around from one place to another). Is it still bipolar or something else?

  2. Depression is almost always situational. Peeps just don't want to admit that, because they would need the courage to change their situation, either from within, ending toxic relationships, or their environment. Also, when we stop thinking of our petty problems and stop being the problems for countless innocent beings everyday, there is something called karma. God is love, not power from above, and love isn't biased. i can also attest to natural medicine such as Cannabis (anti depressants are also tested on animals!), yoga, exercise….. And, love, not dependency 💚 Poor babies…..

  3. Tge term manic depression should be brought back. It's a feeling of being very sad but in a panic, no matter how much the body exerts itself that feeling stays stuck.

  4. I checked on the internet using several sites, and i have all the signs of bipolar disorder and i sometimes have thoughts of hurting myself and so i really wanna get checked, but i dont want to tell my parents because theyre gonna think im over reacting because i told them once and they made fun of me for it. And i think my problem has gotten worse.

  5. It's scary because most of these match up to me
    But I dont think I have bipolar disorder because I'm too young and they're not THAT extreme
    Please help meeeee

  6. So EVERYONE in the world has Bi Polar disorder.
    That sucks.
    What about breathing disorder?
    How many breathing people have that?

  7. Bi-polar is a personality/ideology trait.
    Psychiatrists recently medicate against it as a "cure-all" against herecy and/or blasphemy.
    Obey organised religion or take your "meds" is their underlying philosophy.

  8. The drug dealers… the psychiatrists will pinned funny made up labels on anyone… the idea is to sell you dope .. make you stay on dope and ruin your life.. in the the dope will make you crazy.. see a psychologist instead… Doctors killed 270.000 people yearly.. the goal here is to make money on your ass, the side effects from the dope is deadly.. including suicide and severe damage of you organs

  9. Bipolar disorder is a artificial invention. This is the result of the society you live in and harms you as a human. Nobody is Bipolar. Solution: get out your current environment and go back into nature. That means, use only the necessary things. You will get instantly happy, having a routine is key.

  10. I will keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on him 📖 Jesus said 👟❤️📖📖📖✝️💯🙂 taste and see that the lord is good !!!!!!!

  11. Bipolar and seizures run in my family, along with history of severe depression. I am 12, just gotten “out” of depression, hopefully it doesn’t come back as bad as it was. ❤️ to anyone that has the illness, it will balance out if you get help no matter what. ❤️❤️💖💖 stay strong

  12. Okay so I face such highs and lows within a single day Never for days or weeks as stated in the graph at 3:17 . Am I bipolar or unipolar? Or is it some sort of rapid Bipolar?

  13. This video is extremely helpful and I've sent it to my mom my step-dad and a roommate I'll be moving in with. I'm bipolar type II. There's never a dull moment. 🤣 I'm on meds and I'm becoming my old self again. 💓

  14. I am here to try and learn about my girlfriend who has recently been diagnosed with bipolar disorder. I am extremely worried about infidelity as it is an extremely common symptom of mania and hypersexuality, which she expressed to me she's been experiencing. She has been unfaithful in the past and started to get treatment because she saw the same pattern again and didn't want it to happen to us. I dont know what to do. I am so lost and honestly wondering if I can do it

  15. I might be bipolar because i everyday cry for no readon and then theres like a few days where im happy but then i cry and it doesn’t have a reason most of the times and because of this I’ve felt so bad in myself and i cut my arms and i..honestly don’t know what to do

  16. Believe youre all these if you want to, or tell the doctor there's manic people going in circles around you and that they should be checked or removed

  17. This totally sums up what im feeling i dont know if im depressed or having an anxiety but this is def something i can relate to

  18. I’m currently having a mixed episode…I’m having a bit more of the mania symptoms and it’s very exhausting. I’m in this state of positive energy but wanting to jump off of the next bridge. Also I’m try g to save money for university but I keep spending money on random stuff and then I feel so bad I start insulting myself and making myself feel bad and horrible and then I go out and by more stuff and it’s a cycle I can’t get out of.

  19. This disease has years maybe rarely months of paperwork or close relationships over the years and months to help shed light on this disease. This isn't something you wake up thinking this is you because you had a bad week. Although these symptoms happen I think to everyone in one way shape or form. hes not explaining the things you personally go through to get this symptom to be a part of bi polar disorder. This disease is also under rated if you feel like this could be you take a note book and start logging your symptoms and concerns along with the reasons why your feeling and acting that way. The more you know about yourself the better it is to get a diagnosis not to mention its therapeutic. I was diagnosed at a very young age I'm 27 now . It took most my child hood away to get where I am. Dont convince yourself your bi polar because of a video this is a small look into symptoms. Talk to someone

  20. I oscillate between extremely anxious and extremely depressed. Really frustrating cause I don't know what I'm supposed to 'fix'. Or if I'm just stressed, even though I don't think anyone (normal) gets afraid of eating and cuts themselves to feel the pain. Should I just 'get over it' ? Am I just making it up to feel 'special'? This sucks and I'm exhausted all the time not to mention the literal sensation of losing my mind. Idfk I just want to go to sleep for a long time and never wake up.

  21. What’s sad is that I joke about like dying from hitting a concrete barrier from driving my car so fast after like street racing or jumping off a cliff. I joke so much about it like as if I’m trying to not be afraid of death in my lows. But in my highs I’m building my car doing what I love and going to the gym and see a great future but that at the most lasts a few days and I hit my lows all over again. I have anxiety where my thoughts race and are on repeat for hours and I can snap out of it to being unable to breathe right. I’m still trying to figure out what is going on with me.

  22. Hi I'm from malaysia.dr diagnosis me as bipolar guy.i actually can predict the future.i will bring world cup 2022.i think we all must unite.if I get payment.ijust 50 % 50% for unicef

  23. When i had when an episode i cut my hair, almost killed my gold fish, and so on.oh! And im still growing my hair!😂😂😂😂

    Edit : i also have DID,schizophrenia, and also have bad anxiety.
    I go to the doctor once a week.and i am on my medication.

  24. So I've been noticing a pattern for the past 3 years, and over the summer it became dangerously uncontrollable. I started taking detailed notes, and I need to research this more. Like unconscious shouting, everything blurring into unnatural hues of purple, blue, pinks and orange, and even (from what I understand) coming back to realize I wasn't aware of what I had done for a short amount of time. Sometimes over the weekend I remember noting that I couldn't will myself to eat or do much of anything except be lethargic, or another times very VERY difficult to force myself to move. I've brought this up with my counselor, some friends I know and even here on the internet. Every. Single. One. Says "It sounds like a Bipolar Disorder." I'm afraid not because of what it is, but the fact I lose concious control over reality. What is this? It's clearly not good, whatever it is! Now I'm noticing paranoia becoming increasingly frequent and even seeing things move, change and blur into colors? Walking in what seems like a void? I'm genuinely confused and concerned.

  25. I’m bipolar and I quit taking meds years ago , and utilized other things , and the battle is much easier . The meds can blind your ability to deal with things yourselves .

  26. This video is very helpful to explain to my surroundings what bipolar is.

    You could have mentioned that the difference between type 1 and 2 doesn’t necessarily mean that one is more severe than the other as 2 can be harder to spot, it’s just – different.

    Also i would have loved for the person you used to depict it not to only be a white male in his 30s 🧔🏻👩🏽‍🦰👩🏿‍🦱👴🏻 Just in case you ever make a second version 🤗

    but anyway thanks for making this and helping me share knowledge around the illness with my surroundings

  27. Bipolar and bipolar disorder are two different things guys my sister and mom both have it and my family thinks I might have it to but they’re just overreacting

  28. it's a disorder only when it doesn't "fit" society.
    We all got different brains, of course the base structure is really similar, but the details are different.
    If we only would try to understand those people and help them cope with depression while also help them keep a balance while in mania, the disorder becomes a superpower.

    Obviously, if you had no mood swings or no mood at all, you would always feel ok.
    But the depth at which you experience life and emotions is miserably plain.

  29. I was always a bipolar person, without knowing, but it got worst at 14-15, when people were trying to make me understand that it isn't ok that I talk so quickly, that the fact that 2-4 weeks I'm sad af and ignore everyone, and than I'm the happyest person from the class isn't ok…or that I become anxious without any contest, and then I become the more confident person from the class, maybe school, and for real!!! without any contest!!

    For me it was normal, it is still normal, but for other it NEVER WAS.
    I just thought that was my personality and stuff, I really thought I live a normal life. But from a time, maybe 2 months I became really tired somehow, I can't have this switches between my feelings anymore!
    But yeah, I'm trying to control it somehow, but yeah, for everyone who's asking, it suckssssssss, but it makes me feel the extreme feelings of life, and that's why I love it so much. 😂

  30. My bipolar 2 cause my depression to last at least 2-3 months, then hypomania lasts for 1 week sometimes only 2/3 days

  31. I've been cutting crying laughing and jumping in just one hour and it happens every day I get horrible mood swings then cut myself because I feel guilty and worthless after. Idk what to do and it's been like this for 2 years and Ive been starting to fail school because I can't focus and I'll just have a mental break down idk what to do any tips? And no I haven't seen a doctor or gotten meds yet

  32. I think I might have Bipolar Disorder. My doctor said I did and prescribed me Lithium but I’m just not a 100% convinced… So I thought I’d do a bit of research before getting them filled, I do believe I might have Bipolar 2 based on what I’ve seen so far though. Idk.. I’m scared tbh lol to admit I do and take medication for it

  33. hearing that there's no cure for this makes me want to give up fighting it.
    i don't know what to do anymore.
    im about to lose everything because of this nonsense and i can't fucking take it anymore.

  34. I almost cried while watching coz they said it's no cure. Now I'm reading the comments crackin up laughing because we're all mental & in this hallucination together. Fuck it. We gone die anyways

  35. I have weeks of feeling very manic then crash into depression so bad I want to die and situations can trigger a depressive episode I hate myself I hate my brain I want it to stop..

  36. i have had episodes since i was like 6-7 years old were i thought everyone was going to die and the world was ending, but they stopped for some years. Recently i had the worst episode were i almost committed suicide, i had the pills in my hands and everything, but the next day i was just fine and felt like nothing had happened (i’ve had suicidal thoughts since i can remember but this time was the only one that i almost acted on it). Sometimes i feel really motivated and think that my life is going great but they last for a day or even hours. I’m not sure if i actually have a bipolar disorder, can someone that is diagnosed or something tell me, i think it’s getting worse.

  37. One day, I was extremely depressed throughout the day because of course, I let my thoughts consume me. Then the next week I was extremely happy, but have my down lows. I’m a very mood person. I’m emotions run wild. I’m happy one moment, but could be mad or sad the next for no reason whatsoever. I can’t tell if that’s just how I am as a person or if it’s a mental illness that needs to be checked by my doctor.

  38. Uhm what if a person is having depressed and manic swings about an hour or two? That's what my best friend is experiencing

  39. This disorder is so shit. I’m heading into a low and can’t stop it. I’m angry and so sad, just want to feel some joy. I’m so tired of this crap,just want some decent sleep. Would be easer to tolerate if I could bring on a bit of hyper when I need it. Also the self hate sux and not many ppl understand how confusing and awful it is to loathe yourself so deeply, for so long.

  40. Most of the time I’m severely depressed am keep myself isolated from my friends and sometimes I’m happy and I love talking and playing with people. Wtf is wrong with me

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