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Taking Charge of Your Health


10 diseases that cause navel pain. There are several causes for the pain that
is located in the navel region, mainly by intestinal alterations, ranging from distension
by gases, contamination by worms, to diseases that cause infection or abdominal inflammation,
such as gastroenteritis, appendicitis, irritable bowel or intestinal obstruction, for example. Pain in the navel can also happen by irradiating
the pain of other organs of the abdomen, due to situations such as pancreatitis and cholecystitis,
or even changes caused during pregnancy, and may manifest itself in different ways, such
as a colic, a persistent or accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, sweating
and pallor. Thus, to better differentiate the possible
causes of pain in this region, it is important to undergo an evaluation of the general practitioner
or gastroenterologist, who can differentiate between the main causes: 1. Umbilical hernia. The hernia is a cause of pain that arises
and is located directly in the navel, and happens when a part of the intestine or other
abdominal organ goes beyond the lining of the abdomen and accumulates between the muscles
and skin of the region. Generally, pain appears or worsens when exerting
efforts, such as coughing or carrying weight, but may be persistent or become intense when
there is a strangulation of tissues located in the hernia with intense local inflammation. What to do. the hernia treatment is guided
by the general surgeon, which can be from observation, since in some cases it can regress
alone, or surgery for correction. 2. Constipation. Constipation is an important cause of abdominal
pain in the navel region, as it is common for distension of the intestine caused by
accumulated gas or feces to stimulate the nerves passing through the region. What to do. avoid constipation, with a high
fiber diet, present in vegetables and grains, in addition to moisturize with at least 2
liters of water per day, are important to maintain a balanced bowel rhythm and without
cause abdominal bloating. Laxative medications, such as Lactulose, may be given by the general
practitioner if it is difficult to improve. 3. Pregnancy. The pregnant woman may experience pain or
discomfort in the navel at any time during pregnancy, which is normal and happens because
the growth of the belly distends the fibrous ligament of the abdomen that is inserted in
the navel, situation that weakens the wall of the navel and can provoke an umbilical
hernia. In addition, the compression and distension
of the uterus and other abdominal organs can stimulate the nerves of the region and cause
the sensation of navel pain, being more intense at the end of the pregnancy. What to do. If the pain is mild or bearable, it is only
possible to observe, since it tends to disappear on its own, but if it is difficult to bear,
the obstetrician may indicate the use of analgesics such as Paracetamol. In addition, signs of
redness, swelling or secretion in the navel should be observed, which may indicate an
infection or if the pain becomes severe. 4. Gastroenteritis. Diarrhea that occurs from gastroenteritis
or food poisoning, for example, may be accompanied by pain around the navel, although it may
arise in any region of the abdomen due to the inflammation that arises in this situation. The pain can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting
and fever, lasting on average from 3 to 7 days. What to do. You should prefer a light, easy-to-digest,
low-fat, grainy diet, and keep yourself hydrated with water, teas, and juice. Analgesic and
anti-spasmodic medications, such as Dipyrone and Hyoscine, may be used to relieve pain,
but if the symptoms become severe, last longer than 1 week, or accompanied by bleeding or
fever above 39 ° C, it is important to go to the ER medical evaluation. 5. Appendicitis. Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix,
a small attachment that is attached to the large intestine, which initially causes pain
around the navel and migrates to the lower right region of the abdomen, becoming more
intense after a few hours. This inflammation is also accompanied by nausea, vomiting, loss
of appetite and fever, in addition to the characteristic worsening of pain with abdominal
decompression, after tightening and loosening specific points of the abdomen. What to do. In the presence of symptoms indicate this
disease, it is necessary to go to the emergency room for the doctor to make an assessment
and make the correct diagnosis. If confirmed, treatment of this disease is done through
surgery and antibiotic use. 6. Cholecystitis. It is inflammation of the gallbladder, which
usually happens by the accumulation of stones that prevent the bile out, and causes abdominal
pain and vomiting, which worsen after eating. Most often, a pain occurs in the upper right
region of the abdomen, but it can also be felt in the navel and radiate to the back. What to do. In the case of symptoms that indicate this
inflammation, it is important to go to the emergency room for medical evaluation and
testing. The treatment is indicated by the doctor, and can be done with antibiotics,
changes in feeding, hydration by the vein and the accomplishment of surgery for removal
of the gallbladder. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This disease is characterized by abdominal
pain that improves after evacuation, and is more common in the lower part of the belly,
but can vary and arise in any region. It is usually associated with bloating, intestinal
gas and alternating bowel habits between diarrhea and constipation. What to do. Confirmation of this syndrome is done by the
gastroenterologist, who can guide the treatment with analgesic and antispasmodic drugs to
relieve pain, simethicone to reduce gas, laxatives for periods of constipation and fiber and
antidiarrheals for periods of diarrhea. It is common for this disease to appear in anxious
people, it is recommended to seek psychological support and decrease stress. 8. Pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is a serious inflammation of
the pancreas, the main organ responsible for digestion of nutrients in the intestines,
which causes severe pain in the central region of the abdomen, which can radiate to the back
and be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and fever. It can be acute, in which these symptoms are
more evident, or chronic, when the pain is lighter, persistent, and there are changes
in the absorption of food. As pancreatitis can become severe, in the presence of these
symptoms, one should seek medical attention immediately. What to do. In the case of symptoms that indicate pancreatitis,
a medical evaluation is necessary, which may confirm the presence of this disease, and
indicate the correct treatment, made with dietary restrictions, hydration in the vein
and antibiotics and analgesic medicines. Only in severe cases and with complications, such
as perforation, may be indicated surgical procedure. 9. Inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel disease, characterized
by Chron’s disease or ulcerative colitis, is the chronic inflammation of the lining
of the intestines, which is autoimmune. Some of the symptoms that these diseases can cause
include abdominal pain, which can arise anywhere, although it is more common in the lower abdomen,
diarrhea and intestinal bleeding. What to do. The treatment of this disease is guided by
the gastroenterologist, with medicines to relieve the pain and to calm inflammation
and diarrhea. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be indicated to remove portions
of the intestine that may have been affected and damaged by the disease. 10. Intestinal ischemia. Changes in blood flow to the intestine, caused
by diseases such as acute ischemic disease, chronic or venous thrombosis, for example,
cause abdominal pain, which can be localized in the navel due to inflammation and tissue
death due to the absence of blood, and which may be sudden or persistent, depending on
the cause and the affected blood vessel. This situation can arise due to atherosclerosis
of the intestinal blood vessels, or other situations such as spasm of the vessels, sudden
drop in pressure, heart failure, intestinal cancer or by side effect due to drug use,
for example. What to do. The treatment of intestinal ischemia depends
on the cause, guided by the gastroenterologist, usually with food control and the use of analgesic
remedies, and may be indicated the use of drugs to dissolve the clot, to improve blood
flow or surgery for removal of clots or part of the inflamed bowel. Other possible causes of navel pain. In addition to the main causes, navel pain
can also be caused by less common situations, such as: Infection by worms , which can cause inflammation
and abdominal distension, and provoke pictures of umbilical pain or anywhere else in the
abdomen; Abdominal tumor , which can distend or compress
organs of the region; Gastric ulcer , which causes intense inflammation; Urinary infection , which although usually
causes pain in the lower abdomen, can cause irritation of nerves near the navel, especially
during the act of urinating; Swollen inflammation or abdominal muscles
infection ; Intestinal obstruction , by impacted stools,
neurological diseases or a tumor; Diverticulitis , which is the inflammation
of the diverticula, which are sacs caused by weakening of the wall of the intestine,
and can trigger umbilical pain, although it is more common in the lower left region of
the abdomen. Spinal diseases such as hernia, which can
cause pain that radiate to the abdomen and belly button. Thus, because of the large number of possibilities
as a cause of pain in the umbilical region, the best solution is to seek the doctor, who
will identify the type of pain, the accompanying symptoms, the person’s medical history and
the physical examination.

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