Taking Charge of Your Health

Hello friends, The National Library of Ayurveda Medicine is pleased to present a new episode on Ayurveda. The present release is part of a Video Lecture series prepared for the education of Ayurvedic literature. The information is in accordance with the academic curriculum of Ayurveda studies in India. My name is Dr. Sumit Kesarkar and I will be your host throughout this video, which is a continuation of the study of Ayurvedic literature and discusses the Laghy Trai or Minor Triad To give a brief recap, Ayurvedic literature for academic studies consists of six treatises, divided into two groups or triads, with the Bruhat Trayi or the Major Triad consisting of Charak samhita, Sushrut samhita and Astangsangraha and the Minor Triad consisting of Madhavanidana, Sharangdhar Samhita and Bhavprakash. We will now discuss the Laghu Trayi or Minor Triad in brief. Madhav nidan was composed by Madhavacharya around the 7th-8th century AD. It is considered as one of the best compilations for diagnosis of disease. The original work was called “Rogvinischaya” but with time was popularly named after its author as Madhavnidana where Nidana means diagnosis. Madhava drew heavily on Charaka-samhita, Sushruta-samhita, Ashtanga-hrdya-samhita and to a lesser degree on others including Ashtanga-samgraha. Some parts seem to have been Madhava’s own contribution, unless they were borrowed from texts no longer in existence. All subject matter has been integrated and arranged in a coherent and systematic manner. The treatise has continued to be an indispensable aid to physicians for over a thousand years. With Vagbhata and Madhava-kara, Ayurveda became highly systematized, its pharmacopoeia expanded, and treatment procedures got refined. Madhava-nidana was translated into Arabic during the 9th century AD and into Italian in 1913-14. Sharangdhar Samhita is a short but solid text-book composed in 1226 AD by Sharngadhara. Pulse diagnosis or nadi-pariksha appears here for the first time. This is the oldest work in which bhasmas or calcinations & similar metallurgical techniques are dealt with. Prescriptions are copied from earlier works, but diseases are dealt with more elaborately. Sharangadharasamhitha is divided into 3 sections: 1) Poorvakhand 2) Madhyamakhanda and 3) Uttarakhand, with a total of 32 chapters and 2600 slokas or verses. Bhavprakasha is the most famous of the later texts composed by Bhavamisra. Its oldest manuscript now in Tubingen dates back to around 1558 AD. The text repeats earlier accounts and formulae but also adds new diseases and cures. For example, Masurika or Small Pox is described as “possession by the goddess Sitala”, and an invocation to her is included among the remedies. It is the first Indian text to describe Syphilis, which is called Phiranga which means “foreigner”, and attributes it to physical contact with the Portuguese. Bhavaprakasham has three divisions 1) Poorvakhanda 2) Madhyamakhanda and 3) Uttarakhanda. The Poorvakhandam of Bhavprakasha is again divided into two sections: Poorvabhaga and Dwithiyabhaga. Poorvabhaga has a section called Mishrakprakarnam, which starts with the topic of Harithakyadivargam. This portion is known as Bhavaprakash Nighantu and is a celebrated pharmacological supplement amongst Ayurveda fraternity. Herbs and vegetable drugs are described in a systematic manner with appropriate grouping or classification. The use of the plant Chopchini to cure Syphilis is also mentioned. Together, the Major and Minor Triads form a complete exhaustive of Ayurveda and their in-depth study is a must by any student of Ayurveda. Apart from these 2 triads there are other works like Kashyap samhita; an exhaustive on Paediatrics, Bhel samhita and Haarit samhita. Since these treatises are either incomplete or their authenticity arguable, they are only studied as per requirement. I hope this video was informative and made the subject clear. Comments and feedback are highly appreciated and you can leave them by visiting the NLAM website at or likewise by writing to me at Thank you for watching. [SUBTITLES CREDIT:NLAM]

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