Taking Charge of Your Health

Hello. I’m Margot Politis. Welcome to Study
English, IELTS preparation. Today on Study English, you’ll have the chance
to practice your reading comprehension skills. These are important skills, not just for the
IELTS reading test, but for general academic studies as well. Today, we’ll focus on the skills you need
to answer the range of question types in the IELTS reading test. Let’s begin by taking a look at the text. So there’s our comprehension piece. It seems quite long. But let’s start at the
beginning. Read the title. We know that the passage is about naturopathic
medicine. Do you know anything about the subject? You know the word medicine, but maybe not
naturopathic. It’s OK if you don’t. You don’t need to understand
every word. We can probably figure out the meaning by paying attention to the context
the word is used in, or by looking closely at the parts of the word. We know that naturopathic is an adjective,
because it qualifies medicine. Now, let’s break naturopathic down. The first part naturo- sounds like nature. The ending is the suffix -ic. Do you know
other words that end in -ic? How about photographic or historic? The suffix -ic means relating to or of. So we could guess that naturopathic means
something like relating to nature. Then we can guess that the meaning of naturopathic
medicine is something like medicine that heals in a natural way. Can you think of any words you know that might
belong to this subject? How about: herbs plants health healing or disease Let’s look at the text again. After you’ve
looked at the heading, look for some other clues as to what it is about. Are there any illustrations or diagrams? What’s
the layout like? All these things will help your understanding of the subject. What kind of text do you think this is? It doesn’t look like a newspaper article or
an instruction manual. It’s not an advertisement or a timetable.
It’s probably an article from a journal. We can tell by the style, the subject and the
way it looks. Did you notice the asterisk near the end of
the text? When an asterisk is used like this, extra
information or explanation is given at the bottom of the page. What we’ve just done is to use the skills
of previewing and predicting. We put together all the information we could
about the text we are reading. We looked for a title, a diagram or any other
information set apart – like the asterisk at the end of the text. We also made some educated guesses about what
is in the article, by predicting some common words we might expect to see. Previewing and predicting before you start
reading can help you process information quickly, because you know what to expect. It can also
help you to follow the author’s ideas better, because you’ve prepared yourself for the text
before reading it. Let’s get back to the text. How is it organised? It’s divided into paragraphs. Here, we have
2 paragraphs: paragraph A and paragraph B. Usually, a reading passage would have an introductory
paragraph, several body paragraphs and a conclusion. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence. The topic sentence will give the main idea
or subject of a paragraph. The skill of skimming involves reading over
a paragraph very quickly to get a general sense of what it is about. When you skim a
text, you just want to get a general idea of the content. You’re not trying to read
every word. If you just read the first and last sentences,
you can often get a good idea of the main subject of the paragraph. Let’s try with paragraph A. Naturopathic Medicine Since the earliest beginnings, every known
culture has been treating disease with natural therapies. So what is the main subject of paragraph A? Well we read about: the early beginnings of cultures types of natural therapies and cultures and natural therapies Can you choose which one of these things tells
us what the text is about most accurately? Number one talks about beginnings of cultures.
The text is probably not about that. It’s a bit too broad to be the topic sentence. So you might think it’s number 2 – types of
natural therapies. This choice is too narrow. The text is about more than just natural therapies. It’s number 3 that covers the idea of the
whole paragraph. It is about cultures and natural therapies. This is what the topic
sentence is expressing. You will be tested on your understanding of
main ideas, so it’s a good idea to practice matching headings to paragraphs. When you need to look for specific information,
like a name, date or place, you can scan a text. When you scan, your eyes move across the page
very quickly looking for specific information. You can then skip over less important words. Let’s try to scan over the text to find answers
to some short answer questions. Here’s our question: The early books of which countries mention
natural healing methods? We’re going to scan the text, looking for
the key words. The first known medical books of China, India
and Greece all mention formulas used in healing. So we can answer by writing: China, India and Greece Let’s try another short answer question. Who was the father of Western Medicine? Here are the key words. Let’s scan the text. Hippocrates is the father of Western Medicine. You can also use these skills when you need
to answer multiple-choice questions, label a diagram or complete a table. Let’s take a quick look back over the skills
we’ve used today: We looked at using previewing skills to predict
what the text was going to be about. We talked about looking at the title, diagrams
and style of the layout for clues to what the text might be about. We practised predicting the topic and guessing
vocabulary that might be in the text. Next, we practiced skimming to find the topic
sentence of the paragraph. Finally, we talked about scanning for keywords. And that’s all for today, but you can try
out these skills and more on the Study English website. I’ll see you next time. Bye bye.

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